关于“清明节”的英文介绍？？清 明 节（Tomb-Sweeping Day）
1、Qing Ming Jie（All Souls' Day）
Qing Ming is a time to remember the dead and the dearly departed. More important, it is a period to honour and to pay respect to one's deceased ancestors and family members. Because it reinforces the ethic of filial piety, Qing Ming is a major Chinese festival.
Literally meaning "clear" (Qing) and "bright" (Ming), this Chinese festival falls in early spring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. It is a "spring" festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and to sweep the graves of their forebears. Chinese being practical people this sweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before and after Qing Ming day. Among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.
Qing Ming is popularly associated with Jie Zi Zhui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend has it that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited his faithful follower to join him. However, Jie declined his invitation, preferring to lead a hermit's life with his mother in the mountains.
Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest on fire. To his consternation, Jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt to death. To commemorate Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the "cold food feast", a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.
The "cold food" festival occurs on the eve of Qing Ming and is often considered as part of the Qing Ming festival. As time passes, the Qing Ming festival replaced the "cold food" festival. Whatever practice is observed，the basic observation of Qing Ming is to remember one's elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes or ancestral tablets. To make the visit even more meaningful, some time should be spent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives and contributions of their ancestors, and the story of Jie Zi Zhui who choose death over capitulation.
The Qingming Festival, also known as the "Ta Qing Festival", "Xing Qing Festival", "March Festival" and "Sacrifice to the Ancestors", is a grand traditional festival of Spring Festival of the Chinese nation. It belongs to a traditional cultural festival of cautious pursuit.
respecting the ancestors and promoting filial piety. There are many customs in Qingming Festival. There are differences in contents or details of Customs in different regions and cultures.
Although customs vary from place to place, tomb sweeping and ancestor sacrifice and outing in Qingming are the common basic themes of customs.
Qingming Festival is one of the 24 special festivals in the ancient Ganzhi Calendar, which expresses the seasonal changes. It is in the period of vigor and vitality, and it is also the period of Yin and Qi recession.
At this time, everything is clean and new, and the Earth presents the image of spring and bright. Qingming Festival integrates solar terms and folklore, which is the unity of the time, the place and the people.
The etiquette and custom culture of the Qing and Ming Dynasties fully embodies the Chinese ancestors'thought of pursuing the harmony and unity of heaven, earth and man, paying attention to adapting to the times and the earth and following the natural law.
Brief introduction to the Qingming Festival:
The Qingming or Ching Ming Festival, also known as Tomb-Sweeping Day in English, is a traditional Chinese festival on the first day of the fifth solar term of the traditional Chinese lunisolar calendar. This makes it the 15th day after the Spring Equinox, either 4 or 5 April in a given year.
Qingming has been regularly observed as a statutory public holiday in China. It became a public holiday in China in 2008.
The holiday is associated with the consumption of qingtuan, green dumplings made of glutinous rice and barley grass.
Origin of the Qingming Festival:
The festival originated from the Cold Food Festival ("Hanshi Festival"), established by Chong'er, Duke Wen of Jin, during the Spring and Autumn period. The festival was a memorial for his retainer Jie Zitui,
who had loyally followed him during his years of exile. Supposedly, he
once even cut meat from his own thigh to provide Chong'er with soup.
Once Chong'er was enthroned as duke, however, Jie considered his
services no longer required and resigned. Although Duke Wen was generous
in rewarding those who had helped him in his time of need, he long
passed over Jie, who had moved into the forest with his mother. Duke Wen
went to the forest in 636 BC
but could not find them. He then ordered his men to set fire to the
forest in order to force Jie out. When Jie and his mother were killed
instead, the duke was overcome with remorse and ordered three days
without fire to honor Jie's memory. The city erected over the former
forest is still called Jiexiu (lit. "Jie's rest").
The Qingming Festival in literature:
Qingming was frequently mentioned in Chinese literature. Among these, the most famous one is probably Du Mu's poem (simply titled "Qingming"):
A drizzling rain falls on the Mourning Day;
The mourner's heart is breaking on his way.
Inquiring, where can a wineshop be found?
A cowherd points to Apricot Flower Village in the distance.